Vacuum cleaners have been subject to Energy Labelling and Ecodesign regulations since September 2014. Market analysis showed significant energy savings were possible by setting limits on power consumption and from more efficient product design. EU-wide electricity consumption from vacuum cleaners was estimated at 18 TWh in 2005 and predicted to rise to 34 TWh by 2020 in a business-as-usual scenario.
This product group represents a real success story in how Ecodesign and Energy Labelling have transformed the market. Since regulations came in, the industry has responded with superior product design, showing that the ability to pick up dust is unaffected by lower power consumption. This has also resulted in quieter vacuum cleaners entering the market and becoming the norm.
The Energy Label for Vacuum Cleaners
Energy efficiency information for vacuum cleaners is shown on the label as follows:
- Energy Rating on a scale of A-G, based on the annual energy consumption
- The annual energy consumption, in kWh per annum
- Dust re-emission class (A-G scale)
- Carpet cleaning efficiency (A-G scale)
- Hard floor cleaning efficiency (A-G scale)
- Noise level
Ecodesign Regulations for Vacuum Cleaners
From September 2014, Ecodesign regulations stipulate:
- A cap on power consumption at 1600W
- Annual energy consumption below 62 kWh per year
- Minimum efficiency of dust pick-up on carpet and hard floors
From September 2017, further limits will apply, further reducing the power limit, removing some of the lower energy classes from the market and setting a limit on noise.
Data from GFK showed just how strongly industry has responded in designing more efficient products. In May 2015, vacuum cleaners on the market were achieving an average input power of 917 watts and using 34.5 kWh per year.